The 316L stainless steel angle is a non-magnetic metal that has been alloyed with a high content of chromium, nickel and molybdenum. This makes it highly corrosion resistant and can withstand chloride environments without pitting or crevice corrosion. It handles elevated temperatures well. It cannot be made hardenable with heat treatment. 316L stainless steel has a lower content of carbon than 316 steel, which is why it’s commonly used in welded components with heavy gauges. Other applications this alloy is commonly used for include lab benches and equipment, food prep equipment, pollution control equipment, boat fittings, heat exchangers, condensers and tanks. Food, chemical, textile, paper and pharmaceutical industries frequently use 316L stainless steel.
When it comes to processing this alloy, it can be done using cold forming, hot forming, welding, and machining. It has excellent drawability and stamping properties. For heat treatment, annealing must be done at temperatures between 1900 and 2100 degrees F. Special consideration is required to avoid distortion, warping and hot cracking. Proper ferrite formation in the weld deposit is needed.
Forging can be done at temperatures up to between 2100 and 2300 degrees F. It’s best not to forge this metal below 1700 degrees F. A final anneal should be done after forging to ensure high corrosion resistance. Because 316L steels are very ductile and tough, it can be easily cold worked using methods like deep drawing, roll form, cold heading, bent and swaging without much difficulty. Parts that have been severely cold formed should have annealing done to relieve stresses. Compared to 304 steel, this metal is a bit more difficult to machine because it is tougher. It can be machined with strong and tough chip characteristics. It’s advised to use chip breakers and curlers.