Stainless steel plate is any product which is thicker than a quarter of an inch. It is processed by passing the steel through rollers until it reaches the desired dimensions.
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Because of the high strength and durability of stainless steel and the thickness of most plate products, stainless steel plate is a popular and effective choice as a reinforcing material. Stainless steel plate products are used in industries including food processing, chemical processing, brewing, heat treatment, construction and architecture, and pharmaceutical equipment.
Different steel alloys give each material specific strengths and weaknesses. Some brands of stainless steel are resistant to high temperatures, while other alloys are best suited for cryogenic applications. The correct alloy must be chosen for a given task.
Stainless steel is the material of choice when customers need high-strength materials that are resistant to corrosion. Stainless steel has one of the greatest tensile strengths on the market and is easy to maintain. The surface of stainless steel is highly polished, which makes it a popular choice for decorative work. Because of its low maintenance and long lifespan, it is the material of choice for long-term use and is appropriate for architectural work.
303 stainless steel is similar to our 304 alloy but can be free-machined, meaning that it can be cut with minimal effort. This maintains a polished finish and does not damage the tools. Because 303 is best suited for materials that need to be machined repeatedly, it is commonly used to create structural parts for planes, fittings, and components for pumps. To prevent the material from being damaged, it should only be used in mildly corrosive environments.
304 stainless steel is the most commonly used alloy on the market today. It is a non-magnetic steel which cannot be heat-treated but must instead be cold worked. One of the most common uses of 304 is in food processing, as the alloy is resistant to corrosive materials found in meat, fruit, and vegetables. 304 plate is used to create cabinets, housings, storage tanks, and pipes, especially for corrosive environments.
304L stainless steel has lower-than-normal amounts of carbon, which prevents carbide precipitation. This allows it to be welded in any state, even when the conditions would corrode the material. It is appropriate to use 304L in many of the same settings as 304, though its improved weldability allows it to be repaired or altered more easily. The mechanical properties are slightly lower than 304.
316 stainless steel is the second most commonly-used alloy after 304. It is among the corrosion-resistant alloys available today, and it is suited for marine applications. It is commonly used in food processing, chemical storage, oil refining equipment and medical applications, especially as screws.
316L contains unusually low amounts of carbon and thus does not produce carbide precipitation during welding. The low carbon content also makes 316L slightly easier to machine. This makes it an ideal choice for heavy gauge materials. It is commonly used in food preparation equipment and for marine vehicles.